Also Known As
Ginseng [a name usually applied by local Asian gardeners]
FRENCH: Grand Pourprier
Espinaca de Java
Espinaca de Surinam
Verdolaga de Castilla
Plus, many other synonyms listed on theplantlist.org
NOTE: It is often mistakenly called Jewels Of Opar, a closely related plant with smaller flowers and blunter, more rounded leaves.
This easy to grow shade-loving herb is eaten raw or cooked. Due to a high one to two percent oxalic acid content, one may want to consume it sparingly, or not at all. It thrives in the shade, in soil that is kept consistently moist. The bright pink flowers are showy.
CAUTION: This plant is high in Oxalic Acid (1-2%). Eat sparingly or better yet, cook it first. "Consumption should be avoided or limited by those suffering from kidney disorders, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis." 
EDIBLE LEAVES: Widely grown as an edible leaf vegetable in tropical regions. This South American native is grown & consumed along the banks of the Amazon River in Brazil, where it "is consumed mainly in the states of Pará and Amazonas.". "The plant is often harvested from the wild for local use as a food."  May replace spinach in dip recipes. Chopped into salads. A slightly sour/bitter taste that is removed when cooked. IN AFRICA: A widely grown potherb in western Africa. "Along with Celosia species, T. fruticosum is one of the most import leaf vegetables of Nigeria." IN ASIA: It is also cultivated in "south Asian and southeast Asia."
NUTRITIONAL VALUE: Rich in Vitamins A & C, iron and calcium. 
MEDICINAL ROOT: "A tonic is made from the fleshy root." 
NATIVE TO: Mexico, Caribbean, Central & South America. It grows wild in at least five scattered counties of central & southern Florida.
DESCRIPTION: An herbaceous, short-lived, fleshy perennial, 12-39 inches tall, erect. A Purslane relative.
- STEMS: "Strongly branched."  Stems break easily. Succulent.
- LEAVES: Elliptic or obovate, succulent. 2 to almost 6" long. 
- FLOWERS: Five-petaled, pink, showy. The flowers are sometimes yellow in Hawaii. 
- ROOTS: Swollen, fleshy.
- FRUITS: Tiny seeds within a "pale yellow capsule." 
- LIGHT: Sun to shade. Does best in half shade.
- SOIL: It prefers moist soil.
- PROPAGATION: Propagates easily by rooted stem cuttings placed in potting soil in the shade or by seeds.
 Useful Tropical Plants
 Vegetables in the Tropics, by Tindall
 Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
 Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
 Protobase - ..........................................................