Plant List - Hostel In The Forest - Brunswick, GA
August 10, 2017
By: Mycol Stevens

HOSTEL  IN  THE  FOREST  PLANT  LIST 

Hostel  Botanical,  2010
Compiled by MycolStevens [Fall 2010] and Marc Williams [Spring 2010]. 
http://www.foresthostel.com/2010/4/25/hostel-botanical
Note: Uses should be taken with a grain of salt! 
Various sources utilized including Florida Ethnobotany, Peterson guide, Encyclopedia Edible plants of N.A. Plant nomenclature as per Wunderlin and Hansen 2nd edition Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida…[the hostel is] only 30 miles north of the border! 

FAMILY / Latin Species name / Common Name / Native / Reproductive / Status / Habitat / Season / Uses 

ACANTHACEAE 
Ruellia tweediana- MEXICAN BLUEBELL - Not Native. 
ADOXACEAE 
Sambucus nigra- ELDERBERRY - Native wet, open hammocks, floodplain forests, swamps, and wet, disturbed sites - spring-fall - fruit, flowers raw.  
ALLIACEAE 
Nothoscordum bivalve – CROWPOISON, FALSE GARLIC - Native - wet hammocks and disturbed sites - spring-fall - no garlic smell - potentially poisonous. 
ALTINGIACEAE 
Liquidambar styraciflua- SWEETGUM - Native - moist to wet hammocks, bluff forests, floodplain forests - spring-summer - chewing gum of hardened sap; antiseptic; treat skin diseases (FE). 
AMARANTHACEAE 
Salicornia bigelovii- SALTWORT - Native tidal marshes - edible leaves, pickle. 
ANACARDIACEAE 
Rhus copallinum- WINGED SUMAC - Native - sandhills, flatwoods, dry hammocks - spring - sumac ade.  
Toxicodendron radicans- EASTERN POISON IVY - Native - hammocks, floodplain forests, swamps, disturbed sites - spring-summer – toxic. 
AQUIFOLIACEAE 
Ilex cassine- DAHOON - Native - flatwoods, wet hammocks, swamps, pond margins - all year - tea; soap. 
Ilex glabra– INKBERRY, GALLBERRY - Native - flatwoods, bogs, coastal swales - winter-spring – nectary. 
Ilex opaca- AMERICAN HOLLY - Native - mesic hammocks, springs. 
Ilex vomitoria- YAUPON - Native - hammocks, swamps, flatwoods, dunes - spring - tea leaves (only caffeine in North American).  
ARALIACEAE
Centella asiatica- COINWART - Native - marshes, wet hammocks, floodplain forests, wet disturbed sites - summer – leaves: brain food! 
Hedera helix - ENGLISH IVY - Not Native. 
Hydrocotyle umbellata- MANYFLOWER MARSHPENNYWORT - Native - marshes, pond margins - spring-summer - rheumatism and liver and intestinal problems and asthma (FE). 
ARECACEAE 
Sabal palmetto - CABBAGE PALM - Native - savannas, hammocks, swamps - spring-summer - palm hearts, fruit. 
Serenoa repens- SAW PALMETTO - Native - wet to dry flatwoods and hammocks - spring-summer - fruit, flowers, hearts. 
ASTERACEAE 
Achillea millefolium- YARROW - Not Native - summer – vulnerary, poultice (stop bleeding); tea of dried flowering plant: internal bleeding, colds, indigestion. 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia- COMMON RAGWEED - Native disturbed sites - summer-fall - pollen responsible for 90% allergins - Tea for fevers and for allergies. 
Baccharis halimifolia- GROUNDSEL TREE; SEA MYRTLE - Native - marshes and disturbed sites = fall - root decoction for cough; nectary; brooms. 
Berlandiera pumila- SOFT GREENEYES - Native - sandhills - spring-summer. 
Bidens alba - BEGGARTICKS - Native - spring-summer - pot herb.  
Borichia frutescens- SEA OXEYE - Native - marshes – summer.  
Carphephorus corymbosus- COASTALPLAIN CHAFFHEAD, FLORIDA PAINTBRUSH - Native - sandhills - summer-fall. 
Chaptalia tomentosa- WOOLLY SUNBONNETS, PINELAND DAISY - Native - wet flatwoods, bogs – spring. 
Cirsium sp. 1 - THISTLE - shoots edible. 
Elephantopus elatus- TALL ELEPHANTSFOOT - Native - sandhills, flatwoods - summer-fall - no known use. 
Eupatorium capillifolium- DOG FENNEL - Native - flatwoods, marshes, wet disturbed sites - summer-fall - bug smudge. 
Euthamia caroliniana- FLAT-TOPPED GOLGENROD / tobe - Native - sandhills, flatwoods, disturbed sites - summer-fall - root infusion: allieviatechest problems; blossoms as febrifuge. 
Lactuca canadensis- CANADA LETTUCE - Native - open floodplain forests, pond margins, and disturbed sites - summer-fall - edible leaves, latex opiate and for skin irritations. 
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium- SWEET EVERLASTING, RABBIT TOBACCO - Native - flatwoods, sandhills, pond margins - summer-fall - tobacco substitute; fresh juice aphrodisiac; tea/chewed leaves for colds, flu, sore throat, etc. 
Solidago canadensis var. scabra- CANADA GOLDENROD - Native - hammocks, disturbed sites - fall - diuretic; treatment for lower urinary tract disorders.  
Symphyotrichum dumosum- RICE BUTTON ASTER - Native - sandhills, flatwoods, and hammocks - summer-fall. 
BERBERIDACEAE 
Nandina domestica- SACRED BAMBOO - Not Native. 
BIGNONIACEAE 
Campsis radicans- TRUMPET VINE - Native - floodplain forests, disturbed sites - spring-summer. 
BLECHNACEAE 
Woodwardia areolata- NETTED CHAIN FERN - Native swamps, wet hammocks - summer-fall. 
Woodwardia virginica- VIRGINIA CHAIN FERN - Native swamps, wet hammocks - summer-fall. 
BRASSICACEAE
Cakile lanceolata- SEAROCKET - Native - coastal – edible. 
BROMELIACEAE 
Tillandsia usneoides- SPANISH MOSS - Native - hammocks, pinelands, scrub, epiphytic - spring-fall - fibers for stuffing and cordage.  
CALYCANTHACEAE
Calycanthus floridus- CAROLINA ALLSPICE - Native hammocks, stream banks - emetic and diuretic; potentially toxic. 
CANNACEAE 
Canna flaccida- BANDANA OF THE EVERGLADES - Native - swamps - rhizomes for starch (consumption by humans and livestock), stems and foliage for animal fodder, young shoots as a vegetable and young seeds as an addition to tortillas. Black seeds for bullets in shotgun. 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE 
Lonicera japonica - JAPANESE HONEYSUCKLE - Not Native - flower tea. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 
Stelleria media - COMMON CHICKWEED - Not Native – leaves. 
CLUSIACEAE 
Hypericum brachyphyllum- COASTALPLAIN ST.JOHN’S-WORT - Native - wet to dry flatwoods, bogs, pond margins - summer-fall - no FL Hypericums have hypericin (Wunderlin). 
Hypericum crux-andreae- ST.PETER’S-WORT - Native - flatwoods, bogs, pond margins - summer-fall - no FL Hypericums have hypericin (Wunderlin). 
Hypericum tetrapetalum- FOURPETAL ST.JOHN’S-WORT - Native - flatwoods - spring-summer - no FL Hypericums have hypericin (Wunderlin). 
CORNACEAE 
Nyssa sylvatica - BLACKGUM – Native - mesic hammocks - spring - tupelo honey, drums, sap syrup; wood doesn’t split, bowls, mortar, shoes. [FE] 
CUPRESSACEAE 
Juniperus virginiana- RED CEDAR - Native - love flutes!; moth scent; bark cordage mats. 
Taxodium distichum- BALD-CYPRESS - Native - lakes, swamps, floodplains, along streams – spring. 
CYPERACEAE
Carex glaucescens- CLUSTERED SEDGE - Native - bogs, streamsides, seepage areas - summer-fall.  
Cladium jamaicense- JAMAICA SWAMP SAWGRASS - Native - swamps and brackish marshes - summer-fall - inner shoots. 
Cyperus papyrus - Not Native – paper. 
Rhynchospora colorata- STARRUSH WHITETOP - Native - moist flatwoods and prairies, bogs, ditches - spring-fall. 
Rhynchospora fascicularis- FASCICLED BEAKSEDGE - Native - moist to wet flatwoods, savannas, lake margins - spring-fall. 
DROSERACEAE 
Drosera capillaris- PINK SUNDEW - Native - wet flatwoods, bogs - spring - tea for lungs (possible doc. of sigs.). poultice for warts, immuno-stimulating in small doses, antiviral/bacterial/fungal. 
EBENACEAE 
Diospyros virginiana- COMMON PERSIMMON - Native - flatwoods, sandhills, hammocks - spring - fruit, tea leaves. 
ERICACEAE 
Gaylussacia dumosa- DWARF HUCKLEBERRY - Native - acid swamps, sandhills, flatwoods, scrub - spring - fruit yum. 
Lyonia fruticosa- COASTALPLAIN STAGGERBUSH - Native - scrub, flatwoods - spring - wood for pipes, bowls. 
Lyonia lucida- FETTERBUSH - Native - flatwoods, bogs, cypress ponds – spring. 
Rhododendron canescens- SWEET PINXTER AZALEA - Native - flatwoods, bay swamps, hammocks, and floodplain forests – spring. 
Vaccinium corymbosum- HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY - Native - hammocks, flatwoods, swamps, bayheads- spring – fruit, yum. 
Vaccinium myrsinites- SHINY BLUEBERRY - Native - flatwoods, sandhills– spring – fruit, yum. 
EUPHORBIACEAE 
Phyllanthus urinaria- CHAMBER BITTER - Not Native - disturbed sites - summer-fall - kidney stone tea. 
FABACEAE
Cercis canadensis- REDBUD - Native - flowers, unripe pods. 
Galactia elliottii- ELLIOTT’S MILKPEA - Native - sandhills, scrub, flatwoods - spring-fall - nitrogen fixer. 
Lespedeza sp. 1 – LESPEDEZA. 
Medicago lupulina- BLACK MEDICK - Not Native - leaves, flowers. 
Senna obtusifolia- Not Native -roasted seed coffee substitute. 
Trifolium pratense- RED CLOVER - Not Native -flower tea: blood purifier, biochain-A inhibits cancer. 
Vicia species – VETCH. 
Wisteria sinense- CHINESE WISTERIA - Not Native -“Flowers – cooked. They are thoroughly washed and then boiled or made into fritters. The flowers are also cured in sugar then mixed with flour and made into a famous local delicacy called ””Teng Lo””. The leaves contain allantoic acid. They are used as a tea substitute. The young leaves have also been eaten.” 
FAGACEAE 
Quercus laurifolia- LAUREL OAK, DIAMOND OAK – Native - floodplain forests, wet to dry hammocks - spring - nuts processed. 
Quercus nigra- WATER OAK - Native - moist hammocks - spring - nuts processed. 
Quercus virginiana- LIVE OAK - Native - moist to wet hammocks, maritime hammocks - spring - nuts processed. 
GELSEMIACEAE 
Gelsemium sempervirens- YELLOW JESSAMINE, CAROLINA JESSAMINE - Native - flatwoods, hammocks - winter-spring – poisonous. 
GERANIACEAE 
Geranium carolinianum- CAROLINA CRANESBILL - Native - disturbed sites - spring - young leaves edible (Maronowski); highly astringent (stops bleeding, diarrhea and dysentry). 
HALORAGACEAE 
Pteridium aquilinum- TAILED BRACKEN - Native - dry to moist hammocks and thickets - summer-fall – fiddleheads. 
JUNCACEAE 
Juncus effusus- SOFT RUSH - Native - marshes, margins of ponds - spring - thatching material sewn together and mobile tents; weavings. 
Juncus marginatus- SHORE RUSH, GRASSLEAF RUSH - Native wet prairies, flatwoods, bogs, marshes spring-summer thatching material sewn together and mobile tents; weavings 
Juncus sp. - NEEDLERUSH - thatching material sewn together and mobile tents; weavings. 
LAMIACEAE 
Hyptisalata- CLUSTERED BUSHMINT, MUSKY MINT - Native - wet flatwoods, prairies, pond margins - all year. 
Pycnanthemum sp. 1 - MOUNTAIN MINT - Native - stomacheproblems/gas, colds, flu. 
Salvia lyrata- LYRELEAF SAGE - Native - hammocks - spring-fall - salve for skin problems. 
Scutellaria integrifolia- HELMET SKULLCAP - Native - flavinoidScutellarin confirmed sedative and antispasmodic, nervine. 
Stachys floridana- FLORIDA BETONY - Native - tubers around April, flowers edible. 
LAURACEAE
Cinnamomum camphora– CAMPHOR TREE - Not Native - disturbed hammocks - spring - young leaves: pot herb. 
Persea palustris- SWAMP BAY - Native - wet hammocks, swamps - spring - bay leaf flavoring. 
LENTIBULARIACEAE 
Pinguicula caerulea- BLUEFLOWER BUTTERWORT - native - flatwoods, bogs - winter-spring.
Utricularia sp. 1 - BLADDERWORT. 
MAGNOLIACEAE
Magnolia grandiflora - SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA - Native - wet to mesic hammocks, rarely dunes - spring-summer. 
Magnolia virginiana- SWEETBAY - Native - wet hammocks, bayheads, swamps, bogs - spring-summer - spice, leaf tea: colds, fevers, gas etc. (Duke) 
MELASTOMATACEAE 
Rhexia mariana- PALE MEADOWBEAUTY, MARYLAND MEADOWBEAUTY - Native - flatwoods, bogs, marshes - spring - leaves and tubers edible, salad . 
MALVACEAE
Hibiscus mutabilis- CONFEDERATE ROSE, COTTON ROSEMALLOW - Not Native - flowers, leaves. 
Sida rhombifolia- CUBAN JUTE, INDIAN HEMP - Native - disturbed sites - spring-fall - leaves, flowers. 
MELIACEAE 
Melia azedarach - CHINABERRY TREE - Not Native - disturbed sites - wood (mahogany family). 
MORACEAE 
Ficus pumila- CLIMBING FIG - Not Native. 
Morus rubra- RED MULBERRY - Native – hammocks, floodplains, forests - spring-summer – fruit. 
MYRICACEAE 
Myrica cerifera- SOUTHERN BAYBERRY, WAX MYRTLE - Native - hammocks, swamps, cypress domes, flatwoods, upland mixed forests, fresh to slightly brackish marshes - spring-fall – leaves: spice.  
NEPHROLEPIDACEAE 
Nephrolepsis cordifolia- TUBEROUS SWORD FERN - Not Native -tubers eaten raw. 
OLEACEAE 
Ligustrum japonicum- Not Native. 
Ligustrum sinense- Not Native. 
Osmanthus americanus- WILD OLIVE, AMERICAN DEVILWOOD - Native swamps, hammocks – spring. 
ONAGRACEAE 
Ludwigia maritima- SEASIDE PRIMROSEWILLOW - Native - flatwoods, bogs, and swamp margins - spring-fall. 
Ludwigia peruviana- PERUVIAN PRIMROSEWILLOW - Not Native - swamps, lake and pond margins - all year. 
OROBANCHACEAE 
Agalinis fasciculata- BEACH FALSE-FOXGLOVE - Native - sandhills, coastal scrub, tidal wetland margins, and flatwoods - summer-fall or all year in south peninsula - infusion for diarrhea (Meskwaki ind); diuretic tea. 
OSMUNDACEAE 
Osmunda cinnamomea- CINNAMON FERN - Native - swamps, bogs, marshes - spring – fiddleheads. 
Osmunda regalis- ROYAL FERN - Native - swamps, bogs, marshes - spring – fiddleheads. 
OXALIDACEAE 
Oxalis debilis- PINK WOODSORREL - Not Native - leaves, flowers.  
Oxalis stricta- Native - leaves, flowers.  
PASSIFLORACEAE 
Passiflora incarnata- PURPLE PASSIONFLOWER - Native - dry, open hammocks and disturbed sites - spring-summer - Ritilinsubstitute, sedative, insomnia, tension headaches. Fruit yum. 
PINACEAE 
Pinus palustris- LONGLEAF PINE - Native - sandhills, mesic flatwoods, savannas - spring - seeds, sprouts, young leaves.  
Pinus taeda- LOBLOLLY PINE - Native - uplands, well drained floodplains - spring - seeds, sprouts, young leaves. 
PITTOSPORACEAE 
Pittosporum tobira - CHEESEWOOD - Not Native. 
PLANTAGINACEAE 
Plantago major - COMMON PLANTAIN - Not Native - leaves, seeds. 
POACEAE 
Andropogon virginicus– BROOMSEDGE, BLUESTEM - Native - flatwoods, sandhills, old fields, disturbed sites fall broom material. 
Chasmanthium nitidum - SHINY WOODOATS - Native swamps, floodplain forests – summer.  
Cynodon dactylon- BERMUDAGRASS - Not Native - lawns, pastures, roadsides, and other disturbed sites - spring-fall - golf course scourge. 
Dichanthelium scoparium- VELVET WITCHGRASS - Native -marshes, flatwoods, bogs, wet hammocks - spring-fall - quail food. 
Dichanthelium sp. 1 – WITCHGRASS. 
Eragrostis elliottii- ELLIOTT’S LOVEGRASS - Native - flatwoods, sandhills, prairies, dry hammocks, and disturbed sites - summer-fall - seeds edible. 
Eremochloa ophiuroides- CENTIPEDEGRASS - Not Native - crap invasive. 
Oplismenus hirtellus– WOODSGRASS, BASKETGRASS - Native - moist hammocks - all year. 
Panicum anceps - BEAKED PANICUM - Native - wet flatwoods, swamps, wet disturbed sites - summer-fall. 
Panicum hemitomon- MAIDENCANE - Native ponds, streams, sloughs, swamps, wet disturbed sites - spring-fall. 
Paspalum notatum- BAHIA GRASS - Not Native - pastures, roadsides, open disturbed sites - spring-fall - cooked millet. 
Paspalum setaceum- THIN PASPALUM - Native flatwoods, sandhills, swamps, marshes, disturbed sites - all year. 
Paspalum urvillei- VASEYGRASS - Not Native - moist, open disturbed sites - spring-fall. 
Saccharum giganteum- SUGARCANE PLUMEGRASS - Native - flatwoods, marshes, coastal swales, cypress ponds, lake shores – fall. 
Setaria parviflora- YELLOW BRISTLEGRASS, KNOTROOT FOXTAIL - Native - flatwoods, hammocks, freshwater and brackish marshes, coastal swales, disturbed sites - all year - grain edible. 
Pseudosasa japonica - ARROW BAMBOO - Not Native - young shoots edible. 
Sporobolus indicus- SMUTGRASS - Not Native - flatwoods, dry hammocks, disturbed sites - all year. 
POLYPODIACEAE 
Pleopetis polypodioides- RESURECTION FERN - Native - hammocks, epiphytic, rarely on rocks - all year. 
Polygonum punctatum- DOTTED SMARTWEED - Native - fresh, brackish marshes, swamps, wet ditches - spring-fall. 
RANUNCULACEAE 
Ranunculus sp. 1 - BUTTERCUP - Native – toxic. 
ROSACEAE 
Rubus cuneifolius- SAND BLACKBERRY - Native - sandhills, flatwoods – spring - fruit, shoots. 
Rubus trivialis- SOUTHERN DEWBERRY - Native - dry, open hammocks – spring - fruit, shoots. 
Spiraea japonica - JAPANESE SPIRAEA - Not Native – aspirin. 
RUBIACEAE
Cephalanthus occidentalis- COMMON BUTTONBUSH - Native - swamps, cypress ponds, margins of lakes, rivers, ponds - spring. 
Hedyotis corymbosa- FLATTOP MILLE GRAINES - Not Native - disturbed sites - spring-summer. 
Houstonia procumbens– INNOCENCE, ROUNDLEAF BLUET - Native - sandhills, dunes, flatwoods, hammocks, and disturbed sites - spring-fall. 
Mitchella repens– PARTRIDGEBERRY, TWINBERRY - Native - hammocks - spring-fall - fruit, leaves: tea. 
Richardia brasiliensis- TROPICAL MEXICAN CLOVER - Not Native - disturbed sites - summer-fall. 
RUSCACEAE 
Aspidestra elatior- CAST IRON PLANT - Not Native. 
RUTACEAE 
Citrus sp. 1 - TANGELO - Not Native – spring - fruit, flowers, peels. 
Poncirus trifoliata- TRIFOLIATE ORANGE - Not Native -graft rootstock. 
SAPINDACEAE
Acer rubrum  - RED MAPLE - Native - floodplain forests, swamps - winter-spring - sap, flowers edible, blue dye. 
SAURURACEAE 
Saururus cernuus- LIZARD’S TAIL - Native - freshwater marshes, swamps - summer - root poultice for inflamed breasts.  
SCHIZAEACEAE 
Lygodium japonicum- JAPANESE CLIMBING FERN - Not Native. 
SMILACACEAE 
Smilax glauca- CAT GREENBRIER, WILD SARSAPARILLA - Native - flatwoods, sandhills, hammocks - spring - shoots, processed roots. 
Smilax auriculata- EARLEAF GREENBRIER - Native - sandhills, flatwoods, hammocks, thickets - all year - shoots, processed roots. 
Smilax bona-nox- SAW GREENBRIER - Native - wet flatwoods, floodplains, hammocks, thickets - all year - shoots, processed roots. 
Smilax laurifolia- LAUREL GREENBRIER, BAMBOO VINE - Native - swamps, wet flatwoods - spring-summer - shoots, processed roots. 
THEACEAE
Camellia japonica - CAMELLIA - Not Native - flower tea.  
Gordonia lasianthus- LOBLOLLY BAY - Native - bayheads, swamps - summer - none known. 
UTRICULACEAE
Boehmeria cylindrica- FALSE NETTLE, BOG HEMP - Native marshes and swamps - summer-fall - fiber material. 
VERBENACEAE 
Lantana camara- LANTANA - Not Native - ripe fruit with caution. 
Verbena brasiliensis- BRAZILIAN VERVAIN - Not Native - disturbed sites - summer-fall. 
VERONICACEAE 
Linaria canadensis- CANADIAN TOADFLAX - Native - open disturbed sites – spring. 
Veronica arvensis- SPEEDWELL - Not Native - disturbed sites - spring - alterative, antiscorbutic, diuretic. 
VITACEAE 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia- VIRGINIA CREEPER, WOODBINE - Native - hammocks, floodplain forests - spring - fruit, cooked root, cooked cambium. [ANDY’S NOTE]: Do note consume – see my plant profile page on this species when it is posted.] 
VIOLACEAE 
Viola sp. 1 – VIOLET - leaves, flower, salad. 
VITACEAE 
Vitis rotundifolia- MUSCADINE - Native - wet to dry hammocks, scrub - spring - fruit, leaves. 
XYRIDACEAE 
Xyris caroliniana- CAROLINA YELLOWEYED GRASS - Native - flatwoods, sandhills and scrub - summer-fall - infusion of roots for diarrhea,colds, and lungs.